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XPath

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==Sample Usage== ==Sample Usage==
-Assume we have the following XML document (see also [[How to Create a DOM tree]] and [[Reading and Writing XML to and from DOM trees]]) and <code>people</code> is the <code><people></code> element:+Assume we have the following XML document (see also [[How to Create a DOM tree]] and [[Parsing and serializing XML]]) and <code>people</code> is the <code><people></code> element:
<pre> <pre>

Revision as of 20:02, 10 March 2005

XPath is a language for addressing parts of an XML document. It is a W3C recommendation.

This article describes Mozilla interfaces exposing XPath functionality to Javascript code. These are described in DOM Level 3 XPath (which is W3C Working Group Note at this moment).

This article does not attempt teach XPath itself. If you're unfamiliar with this technology, please refer to W3Schools XPath tutorial.

Wrapper function

The following function can be used to evaluate XPath expressions on given XML nodes. The first argument is a DOM node, while the second is a string defining an XPath expression.

Note that you shouldn't use this function if you expect to get a long list of results from it.

// evaluate an XPath expression aExpression against a given DOM node aNode, 
// returning the results as an array
// thanks wanderingstan at morethanwarm dot mail dot com
function evaluateXPath(aNode, aExpr) {
  var xpe = new XPathEvaluator();
  var result = xpe.evaluate(aExpr, aNode, xpe.createNSResolver(aNode.ownerDocument.documentElement),
                            0, null);
  var found = [];
  while (res = result.iterateNext())
    found.push(res);
  return found;
}

Sample Usage

Assume we have the following XML document (see also How to Create a DOM tree and Parsing and serializing XML) and people is the <people> element:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<people>
  <person first-name="eric" middle-initial="H" last-name="jung">
    <address street="321 south st" city="denver" state="co" country="usa"/>
    <address street="123 main st" city="arlington" state="ma" country="usa"/>
  </person>

  <person first-name="jed" last-name="brown">
    <address street="321 north st" city="atlanta" state="ga" country="usa"/>
    <address street="123 west st" city="seattle" state="wa" country="usa"/>
    <address street="321 south avenue" city="denver" state="co" country="usa"/>
  </person>
</people>

You can now "query" the document with XPath expressions. Although walking the DOM tree can achieve similar results, using XPath expressions is much quicker and more powerful. If you can rely on id attributes, document.getElementById() is still powerful, but it's not nearly as powerful as XPath. Here are some examples.

// display the last names of all people in the doc
var results = evaluateXPath(people, "//person/@last-name");
for (var i in results)
  alert("Person #" + i + " has the last name " + results[i].value);

// get the 2nd person node
results = evaluateXPath(people, "/people/person[2]");

// get all the person nodes that have addresses in denver
results = evaluateXPath(people, "//person[address/@city='denver']");

// get all the addresses that have "south" in the street name
results = evaluateXPath(people,  "//address[contains(@street, 'south')]");
alert(results.length);

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